Social Right can be defines as social operation that every fundamental right has the potential to develop, Social rights includes Right to shelter, food education, health and work, Social rights are specifically recognized in The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, (ICESCR) of 1966. This instrument obligates states to among other things guarantee several fundamental social rights such as the right to education, right to clean and safe water and right to health. Tanzania is a signatory to several international instruments including ICESCR yet the Constitution of United Republic of Tanzania of 1997 is silent on the enforceability of these rights such as the right to education and the right to health. The fundamental principle of social rights is concept of equal access to such rights such as water, health and education. For the cause of assessing the situation and legal frameworks of social rights in Tanzania. In the Tanzanian legal context, social rights are contained in the Constitution of United Republic of Tanzania of 1977 and other laws such as the Law of the Child Act of 2009, Social Security Act of 1997 Social Security Laws (Amendments) Act of 2012, and Public Health Act, 2009 to mention but a few
However, In Tanzania Social rights are not enforceable before the court of law despite the fact that Social Rights are interdependent and interrelated. For example, access to food (the right to food) depends on the availability of water (right to water). When the right to food is not realized, resulting to hunger and malnutrition, children may be forced to drop out of school and engage in child labour, hence denying them their right to education. In other cases, they may remain in school but will not be able to fully enjoy this right. For the case of adults, who are the workforce in formal and informal sectors, ill health and limited access to food may hamper their ability to work in order to guarantee food on the table for themselves and their families. Denial of the right to education minimizes chances of a person to find descent employment and effectively take part in public affairs, including politics.