This thematic area includes the rights of groups with special needs are grounded on the right to equality and freedom against discrimination. And the standards of equality and non-discrimination are embraced in virtually all core human rights conventions. The prevailing understanding of discrimination emanates from the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. It constitutes any distinction, exclusion, restriction, preference, or other differential treatment that is directly or indirectly based on the prohibited grounds of discrimination, and which has the intention or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise, on an equal basis, of human rights. As concerns prohibited grounds, the list can be found in the specific treaties dealing with the human rights at issue. However, it shall be reiterated that these lists are non-exhaustive and indicative.

Discrimination can be formal, in terms of laws or policies, or substantive, in terms of the actual enjoyment of the right. More so, discrimination can be direct, meaning explicit and the result of deliberate action, or indirect. Indirect discrimination occurs as a result of neutral laws or policies failing to recognize and accommodate special needs or circumstances of particular groups. In Tanzania, all rights are guaranteed and protected by the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania of 1977 under article 12.-(1) (2) which states that “All human beings are born free, and are all equal. And that every person is entitled to recognition and respect for his dignity”


Under the Same Sun

Kigoma Women Development (KIWODE) would like to thank THRDC Secretariat and management in general for every guide that the coalition gives us as an organization. We had a Certificate of Registration rules 1954 named Kigoma Women Development Group, but after your efficient guide, we were able to change this certificate. Our new name is Kigoma Women Development Organization under the certificate of registration from the ministry of community development, gender and children.

We are in rural areas and it’s hard for us to easily get informed. Thanks to THRDC for making it easy for us to receive information from all over the country through training and workshops.

Special Thanks goes to the National Coordinator of THRDC, Mr Onesmo Olengurumwa for his endless support to the KIWODE team. It wouldn’t have been possible without him.KIWODE team promises to work hand in hand in reaching society and performing its duties.

Sophia Patrick
Director - KIWODE, Human Rights